In a cybersecurity study of network attached storage NAS systems and routers, Independent Security Evaluators ISE found vulnerabilities in 13 IoT devices, reaffirming an industrywide problem of a lack of basic security diligence.
ISE selected devices from a range of manufacturers. Products ranged from devices designed for homes and small offices to high-end devices designed for enterprise use.
In addition to new devices, ISE included some devices from earlier research to determine whether manufacturers have improved their security approach or practices over the years. In nearly all the devices 12 of the 13ISE achieved its goal of obtaining remote root-level access. The table below shows the types of vulnerabilities that ISE identified in the targets. ISE obtained root shells on 12 of the devices, allowing complete control over the device. Key findings In nearly all the devices 12 of the 13ISE achieved its goal of obtaining remote root-level access.
Manufacturers should train their developers on security best practices and use either internal or external security teams to assess the software running on their devices.
Software must be developed with security in mind from the initial planning stages in the software lifecycle and considered at all other stages. Manufacturers should rely on qualified rigorous testing, not just hacking events or bug bounty programs for security assessments. Prepare and release firmware upgrades that address these issues and other known vulnerabilities. Enterprise users: When purchasing devices, consider how a manufacturer has handled patching issues and the length of time that devices are supported.
After devices have been purchased and installed, harden them by disabling unused features, enabling security controls if available, and implementing a patching strategy to regularly apply firmware updates. Avoid remote access and administration features whenever possible as they expose the device to adversaries on the Internet.
Conduct security assessments or vet devices before deploying them in networks. Share this.Thank you for taking the time to respond. Was this article helpful? NETGEAR strongly recommends that you download the latest firmware as soon as a firmware update or firmware hotfix is available for your product.
Consult the following table to see whether new firmware is available. The firmware version listed in the Last Affected Firmware Version column is the most recent firmware version that does not contain any fixes for the vulnerabilities in this advisory. All subsequent firmware updates or firmware hotfixes contain a fix for at least one of the vulnerabilities in this advisory.
The current firmware release or firmware hotfix includes all earlier fixes. For example, Rv3 is a different product from Rv2. If a model number does not have a hardware version number after it, then it is hardware version 1.
R means the same thing as Rv1. NETGEAR plans to release firmware updates that fix these vulnerabilities for all affected products that are within the security support period.
If no firmware fix is currently available for your product, NETGEAR recommends that you follow the workarounds and best practices in this advisory.
Security hotfixes are fixes that are applied on top of existing, fully tested firmware. Releasing hotfixes allows NETGEAR to quickly update existing products and streamline the firmware verification process without going through full regression testing.
Therefore, we do not expect that installing the hotfix will affect the regular operation of your product. Although our pre-deployment testing process did not indicate that these hotfixes would affect device operability, because full regression testing is reserved for final production firmware fixes, we always encourage our users to monitor their devices closely after installing a firmware hotfix. You do not need to turn off Remote Management on extenders. The best way to reduce the risk to your extender is to follow the guidelines in the Best Practices section of this advisory.
Turning off Remote Management on your router or gateway web user interface significantly reduces your risk of exposure to these vulnerabilities. If you never enabled Remote Management, you do not need to take any action to turn off Remote Management. The Remote Management feature on your router or gateway web user interface is different from the Remote Management feature in the Nighthawk app. Turning off Anywhere Access in the Nighthawk app does not provide additional protection from these vulnerabilities.
This document is provided on an "as is" basis and does not imply any kind of guarantee or warranty, including the warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular use. Your use of the information in the document or materials linked from the document is at your own risk.
NETGEAR is not responsible for any consequences that could have been avoided by following the recommendations in this notification. We appreciate and value having security concerns brought to our attention.If you care about the security of your router, and you should, it is best to avoid consumer grade routers. On the whole, the software in these routers is buggy as heck. Below is what I base this opinion on.
This page documents the existence of bugs in routers. Starting AprilI also track routers in the news which details the exploitation of router flaws. You may be thinking that all software is buggy, but router software is probably worse.
Another reason is cost: router software is developed as cheaply as possible. The port issue from January and April for example. A router backdoor was exposed, then instead of being removed, was just better hidden. Another flaw not to be missed is the Misfortune Cookie from December Then, of course, there is WPSthe electronic equivalent of a "hack me" sign on your back.
Researchers uncover 125 vulnerabilities across 13 routers and NAS devices
A lawsuit alleged that D-Link "failed to take reasonable steps to protect their routers and IP cameras from widely known and reasonably foreseeable risks of unauthorized access. D-Link denied they did anything bad. More on the Router News page. This page has bugs from, and Older bugs, from throughare available at the bottom of this page. The research the story is based on is for a router that is End-of-Life no more bug fixes, it's too darn old to bother with. The bugs are in the web interface to the router, as they often are.
Best practices for router security is always to limit LAN side access to the router's admin interface, and, of course, to disable remote administration. I found one bug quite noteworthy. It lets a bad guy bypass the router password by adding a couple parameters to the HTTP request to the router.
The same flaw was reported in and again in That tells you all you need to know about D-Link. July 23, This router is EoL. Vendor Disclosure was Feb. The number of critical bugs in Cisco software over the years has been far too high. I would not use their products. Cisco just released fixes for 34 bugs, five of which are the most critical in that they allow bad guys to get total control of vulnerable devices. It has a default, static password that, if obtained by attackers, can lead to the full remote hijacking of a device.This vulnerability has been modified since it was last analyzed by the NVD.
It is awaiting reanalysis which may result in further changes to the information provided. A vulnerability in the web management interface of Cisco Small Business Series Smart Switches could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to upload arbitrary files.
Your router's security stinks: Here's how to fix it
The vulnerability is due to incomplete authorization checks in the web management interface. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending a malicious request to certain parts of the web management interface.
A successful exploit could allow the attacker to modify the configuration of an affected device or to inject a reverse shell. View Analysis Description. By selecting these links, you will be leaving NIST webspace. We have provided these links to other web sites because they may have information that would be of interest to you. No inferences should be drawn on account of other sites being referenced, or not, from this page.
There may be other web sites that are more appropriate for your purpose. NIST does not necessarily endorse the views expressed, or concur with the facts presented on these sites. Further, NIST does not endorse any commercial products that may be mentioned on these sites. Please address comments about this page to nvd nist. Please let us know. You are viewing this page in an unauthorized frame window. Email List FAQ.
Categories Data Feeds. Vulnerability Search. CPE Search. Analysis Description A vulnerability in the web management interface of Cisco Small Business Series Smart Switches could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to upload arbitrary files. CVSS 3.
Serious vulnerabilities in popular Netgear router can crash your device
CVSS 2.Both vulnerabilities risked crashing the systems of home networking kits before a patch was issued earlier last week September 5. Discovered by Cisco Talos researcher Dave McDaniel, and disclosed on Mondaythe vulnerabilities are present in Netgear N routers, specifically, those running firmware version v1.
The N WNRv5 product is pitched at the consumer and home office markets and are designed to provide basic internet access with speeds of up to Mbps.
If a crafted HTTP request is sent to a page demanding authentication with an empty User-Agent string, this can prompt a null pointer dereference, leading to a full system crash. This vulnerability can also be exploited to cause a vulnerable device to crash.
Netgear and Cisco Talos coordinated the public disclosure. A firmware update resolving the DoS vulnerabilities has been released, which users are advised to apply in order to mitigate the risk of exploit. Previously, Cisco Talos has worked with threat intelligence partners to study VPNFiltera prolific form of malware capable of infecting routers and network storage devices and suspected of being the handiwork of Kremlin cyberspies.
In related news this week, Trustwave has separately revealed vulnerabilities in D-Link and Comba routers. The five security flaws — two uncovered in a D-Link DSL modem and three in multiple Comba Telecom Wi-Fi devices — all involve the storage of plaintext credentials accessible to any unprivileged user with network access. D-Link has provided patches 12 to resolve the vulnerabilities.
Press ESC to close. How does it work? Use of this information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition. There are NO warranties, implied or otherwise, with regard to this information or its use. Any use of this information is at the user's risk. It is the responsibility of user to evaluate the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information, opinion, advice or other content. MikroTik RouterOS through 6.
Attackers can exploit this vulnerability to reset credential storage, which allows them access to the management interface as an administrator without authentication.
Mikrotik RouterOS before 6. Malicious code cannot be injected. MikroTik RouterOS before 6. A remote unauthenticated attacker can use this vulnerability to bypass the router's firewall or for general network scanning activities.
A vulnerability in MikroTik Version 6. The router will reboot after 10 minutes, logging a "router was rebooted without proper shutdown" message. Missing OpenVPN server certificate verification allows a remote unauthenticated attacker capable of intercepting client traffic to act as a malicious OpenVPN server.
This may allow the attacker to gain access to the client's internal network for example, at site-to-site tunnels. Remote attackers with access to the service can exploit this vulnerability and gain code execution on the system.
The overflow occurs before authentication takes place, so it is possible for an unauthenticated remote attacker to exploit it.
All architectures and all devices running RouterOS before versions 6. An authenticated remote attacker can crash the HTTP server by rapidly authenticating and disconnecting. This vulnerability could theoretically allow a remote authenticated attacker execute arbitrary code on the system. MikroTik v6.
A vulnerability in the network stack of MikroTik Version 6.Most gateway routers used by home customers are profoundly not secure. Some routers are so vulnerable to attack that they should be thrown out, a security expert said at the HOPE X hacker conference in New York.
Horowitz recommended that security-conscious consumers instead upgrade to commercial routers intended for small businesses, or at least separate their modems and routers into two separate devices. Many "gateway" units, often supplied by ISPs, act as both. Failing either of those options, Horowitz gave a list of precautions users could take.
Routers are the essential but unheralded workhorses of modern computer networking, yet few home users realize they are in fact full-fledged computers, with their own operating systems, software and vulnerabilities. Many consumer-grade home-gateway devices fail to notify users if and when firmware updates become available, even though those updates are essential to patch security holes, Horowitz noted. Some other devices will not accept passwords longer than 16 characters.
Millions of routers throughout the world have the Universal Plug and Play UPnP networking protocol enabled on internet-facing ports, which exposes them to external attack. In and of itself, it's not such a big deal," Horowitz said. But, he added, "UPnP on the internet is like going in for surgery and having the doctor work on the wrong leg.
Ina router worm called TheMoon used the HNAP protocol to identify vulnerable Linksys-brand routers to which it could spread itself. Linksys quickly issued a firmware patch.
Frankly, if you get any response back, I would throw the router out. Worst of all is Wi-Fi Protected Setup WPSan ease-of-use feature that lets users bypass the network password and connect devices to a Wi-Fi network simply by entering an eight-digit PIN that's printed on the router itself.
Even if the network password or network name is changed, the PIN remains valid. So a plumber comes over to your house, turns the router over, takes a picture of the bottom of it, and he can now get on your network forever. That eight-digit PIN isn't even really eight digits, Horowitz explained. It's actually seven digits, plus a final checksum digit. The first four digits are validated as one sequence and the last three as another, resulting in only 11, possible codes instead of 10 million.
Then, there's networking portwhich French security researcher Eloi Vanderbeken in discovered had been quietly left open on gateway routers sold by several major brands. Using portanyone on a local network — which includes a user's ISP — could take full administrative control of a router, and even perform a factory reset, without a password.
The port was closed on most affected devices following Vanderbeken's disclosures, but he later found that it could easily be reopened with a specially designed data packet that could be sent from an ISP.